Infectious Gastrointestinal Disease
This syndrome can be caused by a variety of infectious agents that typically inflict damage to the large intestine (colon and cecum). Infection and inflammation of the large intestine is referred to as colitis, and may be associated with infectious agents such as Salmonella, Clostridium difficile, Clostridium perfringens, Neorickettsia risticii (Potomac Horse Fever) and Coronavirus. The infection and inflammation may cause diarrhea, fever and inappetance. The endotoxins that are released from dying gram negative bacteria in the affected colon, put these patients at an increased risk of developing laminitis.